Minutes of April 22, 1994 Meeting The meeting convened at 10:04 p.m. in room 2428 Cathedral of Learning. UPBC members present were: Thomas Anderson, Toni Carbo Bearman, Jacob Birnberg, Ronald Gardner, Darlene Harris, James Holland, Randy Juhl, Carol Kenderes, Peter Koehler, Franklin McCarthy, Richard Nelson, Sharon Nelson-Le Gall, Mark Nordenberg, Jack Ochs, Ben Tuchi, Philip Wion, and Judith Zimmerman. Also present were Lisa Fiorentino (speaker phone), Rhonda Gross, Jeffrey Liebmann, William Madden, Margaret Peaslee, Robert Pack, Lawrence Weber, and Michael Worman. UPBC members not present were: Nitin Badjatia, George Chambers, Thomas Detre, Michael Kurela, Dennis McNair, Jeffrey Romoff, and Julius Youngner. Approval of Minutes The UPBC approved the April 5 minutes. Report of the Attribution Methodology and Cost Study Subcommittee Koehler summarized revisions to the Subcommittee report submitted for action. He stated that former line item appropriations to Bradford and Titusville, which represented additional University revenue when instituted, were now listed as a separate line on their pages in the report. A similar budget designation currently under discussion for Johnstown, which did not represent new money but rather a commitment from Educational and General Funds, was noted but not included in the report. Koehler cautioned readers to pay close attention to the text preceding each section of the report, emphasizing that the document is not intended to serve as a bottom-line analysis. He credited the Subcommittee and staff for the tremendous effort that went into producing the report. Bearman seconded the warning not to take data in the report out of context. She stressed that the report analyzes financial data alone and that additional qualitative and quantitative analysis is needed. Nelson called for a systematic method for deliberating on future improvements to the methodology. Juhl moved that the UPBC authorize the Provost to distribute the Subcommittee report with a cover memo explaining cautions regarding its use and inviting suggestions for further improvements. McCarthy seconded. The motion was approved unanimously. Nelson asked about future directions and uses of the report, expressing the hope that units will use it to review their financial performance. Pack stated that the Provost's Office will use the report to review the appropriateness of long-range plans submitted by units. Koehler expressed concern that the report may distract from current planning efforts. McCarthy reiterated that units must be encouraged to compare their financial performance not with other units of the University, but with peers in other institutions. Proposal to Establish a Baccalaureate Nursing Program at Bradford Fiorentino answered several questions about the proposal, submitted for UPBC review at the previous meeting. Bearman suggested that the proposed equipment budget was low considering the need for replacement of computers and increased use of multi-media equipment. In response to Koehler's questions, Fiorentino explained that the program targets Registered Nurses who lack the bachelor's degree and that a wide variety of regional hospitals and nursing homes will support the program. Anderson asked whether the projected students would be new to the campus or if they were students currently enrolled. Nelson responded that there is high demand within the region for the program from those not currently enrolled at the campus. Pack added that the proposal is part of a long-term strategy to increase Bradford's enrollment to 2,000 students. This program targets nontraditional students and provides them the opportunity to further their education without leaving the region. Gardner asked about the possibility that the program would saturate the market for graduates in the long-term. Fiorentino replied that this has not happened with the current associate degree program. Koehler moved that the UPBC recommend that the proposal be approved. Nelson seconded. The motion was approved unanimously. Proposal to Establish a Physical Therapist Assistant Program at Titusville Worman discussed the role of the proposal as part of the overall strategy of the campus to increase enrollment and revenues by carving an identity as a regional gateway to health related education. He stated that this strategy fits national strategic trends, is attainable with current resources, and has been discussed with faculty from Titusville and the School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences and the Hospital Council of Western Pennsylvania. He cited significant interest from students as the proposed program would be the only one of its kind north of Butler and support from donors as the program has already received a $100,000 gift to fund start-up costs. In response to Koehler's question, Worman explained that the program is aimed at nontraditional students, including those who are unemployed and seeking retraining, as well as those currently in the field but lacking the newly required state licensure. Worman stressed that this program is distinct from the physical therapist curriculum in SHRS, although some articulation will be possible. Bearman cautioned that equipment cost estimates appeared understated. Worman responded that regional hospitals have committed to donate some equipment to the program upon approval. Anderson questioned the impact of the proposed program on campus class sizes and faculty workloads. Worman discussed similar programs at other institutions which were analyzed. Nelson-Le Gall emphasized that accreditation boards require certain class size and teaching load levels and that candidates for the proposed director position would be familiar with these. Peaslee confirmed that the proposal is within realistic guidelines of accreditation requirements. Juhl asked if the program will be held to the projected positive balance of revenues less expenditures. Worman affirmed that the program is expected to produce revenues that will allow the campus to build on new programs, such as one for occupational therapist assistants. Bearman moved that the UPBC recommend that the proposal be approved. Koehler seconded. The motion was approved unanimously with one abstention. Process for Reviewing Proposals for New Programs Zimmerman asked who was currently responsible for reviewing the philosophy behind proposals, assessing whether an otherwise rational proposal was appropriate for the University. Nelson commented that the long-range plans currently being prepared would be useful for framing proposal submissions. He approved of the discussion held regarding the Bradford and Titusville proposals, but suggested that more attention be paid to timing of proposal review, thus reducing bureaucracy. Bearman recommended paying particular attention to how proposals fit into the unit and University long- range plans, the demand for projected graduates, and proposed budgets including attribution of indirect costs. Gardner recommended providing the UPBC with an executive summary as well as full proposal documentation. Juhl suggested more coordination between units, senior vice chancellor areas, and groups such as PACUP, UCGS, and the UPBC. Harris added that the process should be outlined, perhaps in a flowchart. Birnberg suggested creating a better audit trail of proposal approvals. Anderson expressed discomfort with voting on proposals immediately after they are presented with the initiators of the proposal still present. He also cautioned that units may feel that a UPBC recommendation for approval may be viewed as support for the program to grow or add further modifications in future years. Ochs emphasized that approval implies a two-way commitment, that is, a University commitment for funding with a corresponding unit commitment to deliver projected outputs. He suggested that language be written explaining that proposals which fail to meet projected goals should be revisited and the institutional commitment to that program examined. Zimmerman recommended adding some flexibility when reviewing programs which meet academic goals, but not financial goals. Bearman warned against the UPBC micromanaging units. Pack agreed, stating that proposals include the most reasonable estimates of costs and revenues. He added that reviewing individual programs inflates their costs and that unit budget processes are too dynamic for such review. Pack cautioned that unit level resource allocations must be examined, not the type of program level review that leads to incrementalism. Anderson responded that the UPBC cannot allow the dynamic nature of budgets to obscure unit agendas. He recommended considering for approval only those new programs which project an excess of revenues over expenditures. Koehler stated that profits should be assessed relative to responsibility centers and not programs, and that the UPBC should monitor units via the attribution methodology. Zimmerman stated that the regional campuses have fallen victim to pursuing cash-oriented programs. Harris expressed concern about evaluating proposals solely on their ability to make money, citing the need to hold units responsible for justifying proposals relative to the mission and goals of the unit and the University and for addressing budgetary concerns. Wion agreed that attribution-related components should be included in the budgets of program proposals. McCarthy disagreed, stating that proposed budgets should address only direct costs. Pack agreed, stating that the relevance of attribution declines as one goes below the responsibility center level. He asked if the UPBC would review all current programs retroactively in the way being recommended for new programs. Birnberg called for some consideration of indirect costs. McCarthy responded that certain "indirect" costs, such as space and marketing, are really direct costs. Nordenberg suggested that the Provost's Office draft a review process procedure, including the bases for approval, and coordination and timing among various bodies. The meeting adjourned at 12:11 p.m. Minutes of May 10, 1994 Meeting The meeting convened at 10:00 a.m. in room 2428 Cathedral of Learning. UPBC members present were: Thomas Anderson, Toni Carbo Bearman, Jacob Birnberg, George Chambers, Darlene Harris, James Holland, Randy Juhl, Carol Kenderes, Franklin McCarthy, Dennis McNair, Richard Nelson, Sharon Nelson-Le Gall, Mark Nordenberg, Jack Ochs, Ben Tuchi, Philip Wion, and Julius Youngner. Also present were: Rhonda Gross, Jeffrey Liebmann, William Madden, Robert Pack, and Lawrence Weber. UPBC members not present were: Nitin Badjatia, Thomas Detre, Ronald Gardner, Peter Koehler, Michael Kurela, Jeffrey Romoff, and Judith Zimmerman. Approval of Minutes The UPBC approved the April 22 minutes. Summer Session Task Force Recommendations Pack explained how the Task Force report was distributed for review and summarized the proposed implementation process. The recommendations consist of several sequential steps beginning with the recruitment of a qualified director of the Office of Summer Session, Continuing Education, and Conferences and initiation of procedural mechanisms. Anderson asked whether hiring a director was essential given the University's financial difficulties. Pack responded that some internal reorganization will occur but could not speculate whether the necessary leadership could be found within the University. Gross added that long-term revenue enhancement will more than justify the initial short-term investment. In response to Juhl's question regarding a business plan, Pack stated that the next step is to estimate resource needs once UPBC endorsement of the recommendations occurs. Wion stressed the importance of examining the proposed budget within the context of the FY 1995 University budget. Ochs moved that the UPBC commend the Task Force for its efforts and accept the ideas in principle contained within its report with the provision that the Provost's Office produce a business plan as soon as possible for UPBC review. Bearman seconded. Nordenberg emphasized the need to focus attention on implementing the Task Force recommendations given that summer 1994 has begun, and suggested that certain actions with no cost implications be taken. The motion was approved unanimously. Fringe Benefits Task Force Recommendations Gross explained how the Task Force report was distributed and summarized responses, including: Faculty Assembly (rejection); Council of Deans (acceptance); Senate Budget Policies (rejection); Senate Benefits and Welfare (mixed acceptance and rejection); Business and Finance senior staff (suggested other recommendations); Staff Association Council (mixed acceptance and rejection). Subsequent to receiving this input, the Task Force met again to discuss possible revisions to their recommendations. Gross distributed a May 9 memo resulting from that meeting which included the following revisions. Tuition for Employees -- The revised recommendation calls for employees enrolled in undergraduate courses to pay 3% of the tuition charge with no salary criterion. Employees enrolled in graduate courses would pay 10% of the tuition charge. The current $5 per credit rate would be grandfathered for those employees currently enrolled in graduate courses only. Tuition Remission for Spouses and Registered Domestic Partners -- The tuition charge would be 10% for all courses. The current $5 per credit rate would be grandfathered for those currently enrolled. Physical Examination for Faculty -- Continuation of this benefit would be referred to the Medical Rate Review Committee for review and recommendation. Holland explained that Senate Council had not yet acted because the Chancellor had requested that consideration of the Task Force report be removed from the May 9 agenda. He expressed concern that the University planning and budgeting process becomes ambiguous when constituencies disagree with recommendations resulting from actions of the UPBC or bodies constituted by the UPBC. He stated that the clear feeling exists that the budget for compensation should not be reduced unless all other options have been exhausted. He stressed the importance of UPBC acknowledging faculty sentiment. In response to Ochs' question, Gross explained that the Task Force shared its recommendations with University Counsel who expressed no concern that would delay their implementation. Gross expressed concern about calls to reject the recommendations, stating that the Task Force used the UPBC's FY 1995 budget parameters as a basis for analysis and that compensation represents 80% of the University budget. Holland responded that the UPBC has also resisted across-the-board budget reductions and suggested examination of program changes. Wion stated that, while Senate Budget Policies Committee rejected the Task Force report as a total package, there were varying levels of agreement with certain recommendations. He explained that the Committee recommended that compensation should not be the first place examined for budget reductions given the University's rankings below the AAU median in salary, compensation, and fringe benefits. He warned that the strong negative impact on faculty and staff should the recommendations be implemented would offset much of the positive activities of the UPBC. In response to Ochs' question, Wion responded that implementation of the recommendations would help unionization efforts. Juhl stressed that the UPBC approved the recommendation to seek $1 million in cost savings from fringe benefits as part of the FY 1995 budget parameters. Nelson suggested that the recommendations may not be politically viable and that implementation for FY 1995 may represent poor timing. Birnberg responded that the UPBC would be remiss if it did not act now since many of the recommendations require several years to generate projected savings. Tuchi criticized efforts to delay action on necessary budget reallocations, stating that the UPBC recommended a salary increase for FY 1995 and must find a way to fund it. He stated that significant savings cannot be found in other areas of the budget, such as utilities and debt service. He warned against allowing the permanent cost structure of the University to become imbedded as a result of temporary decisions. Wion responded that certain areas of the University budget had not yet been thoroughly analyzed, such as the $73 million in operating expenditures. He added that compensation rates and the number of employees are not the only personnel variables. He suggested that areas such as employee turnover may offer sound, albeit complex solutions to budget problems. Ochs agreed that now is the time to put the University on a fiscally sound path, but that the Task Force recommendations were not the way to do it. He called the original charge to the Task Force misplaced, citing the need to examine the number of employees and refocus University activities. Juhl responded that the UPBC, which is educated in University budget matters, needs the courage of conviction to stand by its decision to respond to FY 1995 budget concerns. Gross added that the Task Force did not seek to cut $1 million from fringe benefit costs. Rather, the Task Force carefully examined the entire benefits package, compared benefits with those offered at peer institutions, and assessed the impact of any changes. As a member of the Task Force, Holland recommended rejection. He stated that the report as a whole was not good and that more money can be saved from medical rate review. Harris, who also served on the Task Force, stated that while many staff oppose certain recommendations, that now is not the time to question the original charge to the Task Force. Bearman suggested that the UPBC could choose to approve only selected recommendations. Youngner suggested that rejecting the report would reduce the UPBC's credibility. Nelson stated that credibility will be affected if the UPBC acts to reduce compensation before allowing the long-range planning process to address budgetary concerns. Pack reminded members that they agreed not to spend as much time debating small changes to the budget for FY 1995 as they spent for the FY 1994 budget. He added that the reactions to the Task Force report should come as no surprise. Anderson suggested that pursuing reductions in benefits is taking the easy way out. He called for making the difficult decisions to cut budgets in units known to be losing money. Wion added that simply because the charge to the Task Force seemed like a good idea in fall 1993 does not mean that better places cannot be found for budget reductions today. Juhl moved that the UPBC accept and endorse the Task Force report, as modified by the May 9 memo from the Task Force. McCarthy seconded. Birnberg stated that many of the recommendations should have happened last year and cited the importance of the amendments to the tuition remission recommendations. Holland noted that the recommendations must still go before Senate Council for action at its next meeting. The motion was approved 12 to 2. The meeting adjourned at 12:08 p.m.